Engineering is a science involving the designing, building, and usage of machines, engines, and structures. Pursuing an engineering degree is a popular career option in India. With the economy opening up over the last two decades, the steady growth of industries in the last few years, as well as the addition of streams within engineering, students may have a variety of career choices. To apply for a student visa click here.

Engineering education

In order to secure admission to an engineering college/University, it is mandatory for you to have passed the A-Level or 10+2 with subjects like physics, chemistry, and mathematics. You must undertake the Entrance Exam exams in order to secure admission.


While the first and second year of your bachelor’s course will likely have common studies, you need to opt for specialization after the completion of a few semesters. This is a decisive step, as not only can you gain in-depth knowledge in your chosen stream, your stream may determine career growth and the companies that could hire you.

Besides conventional courses such as mechanical, computers, chemical, and civil engineering, newer fields are coming up that may increase opportunities for students pursuing engineering. These include applied mechanics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, instrumentation, metallurgical engineering, marine engineering, and material science.

Engineering careers

The attraction of engineering is that it could not only open up avenues in diverse domains, but the remuneration could also be good. You can choose to do a master’s degree in your chosen field, through which you may earn the degree of Master of Technology (M.Tech.). Many students also prefer doing the B.Tech. and then pursuing the Master of Science (M.Sc.) abroad. This may not only provide good exposure but can also provide the chance of better prospects. Alternatively, other career options among students include pursuing a Master of Business Administration (MBA).

Scope of Engineering

Mechanical engineers have the scope of finding jobs in the government and the private sector. They are expected to design, test, manufacture, install, operate and maintain a variety of machines as well as mechanical systems that are incorporated in different industries but high-paying Engineering fields in demand in 2021. Approach a consultant click here.

  1. Computer Science Engineering Information Technology
  2. Aerospace Aviation Engineering
  3. Chemical Engineering
  4. Mechanical Engineering
  5. Electronics & Communications Engineering

List of Engineering Programs

1. Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering

Aeronautics deals with the whole field of design, manufacture, maintenance, testing, and use of aircraft for both civilian and military purposes. It involves the knowledge of aerodynamics, structural design, propulsion engines, navigation, communication, and other related areas.

2. Chemical Engineering

This branch of engineering is concerned with the design, construction, and management of factories in which the essential processes consist of chemical reactions. Because of the diversity of the materials dealt with, the practice, for more than 50 years, has been to analyze chemical engineering problems in terms of fundamental unit operations or unit processes such as the grinding or pulverizing of solids. It is the task of the chemical engineer to select and specify the design that will best meet the particular requirements of production and the most appropriate equipment for the new applications.

3. Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is perhaps the broadest of the engineering fields, for it deals with the creation, improvement, and protection of the communal environment, providing facilities for living, industry, and transportation, including large buildings, roads, bridges, canals, railroad lines, airports, water-supply systems, dams, irrigation, harbors, docks, aqueducts, tunnels, and other engineered constructions.

4. Electrical and Electronics Engineering

The largest and most diverse field of engineering, it is concerned with the development and design, application, and manufacture of systems and devices that use electric power and signals. Among the most important subjects in the field in the late 1980s are electric power and machinery, electronic circuits, control systems, computer design, superconductors, solid-state electronics, medical imaging systems, robotics, lasers, radar, consumer electronics, and fiber optics.

5. Electric Power and Machinery

The field of electric power is concerned with the design and operation of systems for generating, transmitting, and distributing electric power. Engineers in this field have brought about several important developments since the late 1970s. One of these is the ability to transmit power at extremely high voltages in both the direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) modes, reducing power losses proportionately. Another is the real-time control of power generation, transmission, and distribution, using computers to analyze the data fed back from the power system to a central station and thereby optimizing the efficiency of the system while it is in operation.

6. Computers Engineering

Virtually unknown just a few decades ago, computer engineering is now among the most rapidly growing fields. The electronics of computers involve engineers in the design and manufacture of memory systems, central processing units, and peripheral devices. Foremost among the avenues now being pursued is the design of Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) and new computer architectures. The field of computer science is closely related to computer engineering; however, the task of making computers more “intelligent” (artificial intelligence,), through the creation of sophisticated programs or development of higher-level machine languages or other means, is generally regarded as being in the realm of computer science.

7. Geological and Mining Engineering

This branch of engineering includes activities related to the discovery and exploration of mineral deposits and the financing, construction, development, operation, recovery, processing, purification, and marketing of crude minerals and mineral products. The mining engineer is trained in historical geology, mineralogy, paleontology, and geophysics, and employs such tools as the seismograph and the magnetometer for the location of ore or petroleum deposits beneath the surface of the earth.

8. Industrial or Management Engineering

This field pertains to the efficient use of machinery, labor, and raw materials in industrial production. It is particularly important from the viewpoint of costs and economics of production, the safety of human operators, and the most advantageous deployment of automatic machinery.

9. Mechanical Engineering

Engineers in this field design, test, build, and operate the machinery of all types; they also work on a variety of manufactured goods and certain kinds of structures. The field is divided into (1) machinery, mechanisms, materials, hydraulics, and pneumatics; and (2) heat as applied to engines, work and energy, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. The mechanical engineer, therefore, must be trained in mechanics, hydraulics, and thermodynamics and must be fully grounded in such subjects as metallurgy and machine design. Some mechanical engineers specialize in particular types of machines such as pumps or steam turbines.

10. Military Engineering

This branch is concerned with the application of the engineering sciences to military purposes. It is generally divided into permanent land defense and field engineering. In war, army engineer battalions have been used to construct ports, harbors, depots, and airfields. In the U.S., military engineers also construct some public works, national monuments, and dams.

11. Naval or Marine Engineering

Engineers who have the overall responsibility for designing and supervising the construction of ships are called naval architects. The ships they design range in size from ocean-going supertankers as much as 1,300 feet long to small tugboats that operate in rivers and bays. Regardless of size, ships must be designed and built so that they are safe, stable, strong, and fast enough to perform the type of work intended for them.

12. Nuclear Engineering

This branch of engineering is concerned with the design and construction of nuclear reactors and devices, and the manner in which nuclear fission may find practical applications, such as the production of commercial power from the energy generated by nuclear reactions and the use of nuclear reactors for propulsion and of nuclear radiation to induce chemical and biological changes. In addition to designing nuclear reactors to yield specified amounts of power, nuclear engineers develop the special materials necessary to withstand the high temperatures and concentrated bombardment of nuclear particles that accompany nuclear fission and fusion. Nuclear engineers also develop methods to shield people from the harmful radiation produced by nuclear reactions and to ensure safe storage and disposal of fissionable materials.

13. Safety Engineering

This field of engineering has as its object the prevention of accidents. In recent years safety engineering has become a specialty adopted by individuals trained in other branches of engineering. Safety engineers develop methods and procedures to safeguard workers in hazardous occupations. They also assist in designing machinery, factories, ships, and roads, suggesting alterations and improvements to reduce the likelihood of accidents. In the design of machinery, for example, the safety engineer seeks to cover all moving parts or keep them from accidental contact with the operator, to put cutoff switches within reach of the operator, and to eliminate dangerous projecting parts. In designing roads the safety engineer seeks to avoid such hazards as sharp turns and blind intersections, known to result in traffic accidents. Many large industrial and construction firms, and insurance companies engaged in the field of workers compensation, today maintain safety engineering departments.

14. Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural engineering degrees prepare students to work professionally in the many fields of agriculture. Subsets of the studies belonging to the classification of agriculture offer unlimited opportunities for involvement in this field. Degrees in agricultural engineering cover all aspects of the industry, from water and waste issues, massive farming of foods and livestock, water farming, farming equipment, and farm economics to genetically designed corn and cows. Read more…

15. Audio Engineering

Audio engineering is an intricate blend of science and creativity. It involves technical aspects of equipment set-up and operation, but also requires a creative side to enhance and blend the sounds to produce the desired effects. Often called sound engineers, these professionals are highly sought after in all areas of the entertainment industry. Musicians depend on audio engineers in the studio and in live performances to polish their sound and to keep it consistent throughout each recording or performance. Audio engineers mix the music and enhance the balance to provide the best final product.

16. Automotive Engineering

Automotive engineering is a branch of mechanical engineering that concerns the design, development, and manufacture of cars, trucks, motorcycles, and other motor vehicles. Automotive engineers also design and test the many subsystems or components that comprise a motorized vehicle. Read More…

17. Biomedical Engineering

A relatively new discipline, biomedical engineering involves research and development that combine medical and biological sciences for the advancement of all healthcare disciplines. Some bio medically-engineered phenomena include regenerative tissue growth, pharmaceuticals, high-tech prostheses, diagnostic imaging equipment, and micro-implants.

18. Environmental Engineering

Your role as an environmental engineer will involve providing safe and plentiful water supplies, developing systems for reducing pollutants in the air, water, and hazardous wastes; anticipating the effects of contaminants’ transport, and correcting improper disposal situations where hazardous materials are concerned. Read more…

19. Materials Science Engineering

Few studies are as vital to the advancement of the industry as Materials Science and Engineering. Focused on the study, discovery, and creation of new physical materials for use in everything from medicine, automotive aerospace engineering, and consumer goods, to rocketry and space exploration.

20. Mining and Geological Engineering

Mining and geological engineering focus primarily on the study and design of creating safe and effective means to extract metals and minerals for industrial, commercial, and scientific purposes. Requiring education and understanding not only of mining principles and practices.

21. Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering deals with the production of hydrocarbons; the products of crude oil and natural gas. This above-ground field focuses on recovering fossil fuels from below ground in the most economical and environmentally friendly ways. Trained to understand the physical behavior of oil, water, and gas deep in porous rock and under high pressure, these skilled engineers make reliable estimations of the volume of a resource’s reservoir.

22. Software Engineering

Software Engineering is a relatively new discipline, but in today’s increasingly interconnected world, it is becoming more and more important. Software Engineering differs from Computer Science or Web Design in that you are formulating how the overall software system functions, and how it works within its intended hardware environment.

Other Engineering Fields

  1. Structural Engineering
  2. Telecommunications Engineering
  3. Thermal Engineering
  4. Transport Engineering
  5. Vehicle Engineering
  6. Drafting and Design Engineer
  7. Architectural Engineering
  8. Molecular Engineering
  9. Nanoengineering
  10. Geo-Technical Engineering
  11. Mechatronics Engineering
  12. Manufacturing Engineering
  13. Metallurgy Engineering
  14. Engineering Physics
  15. Textile Manufacturing Engineering
  16. Power Engineering
  17. ransportation Engineering